If you or a loved one has ever suffered a traumatic brain injury, you may understand just how devastating and long-term the effects of the wound can prove to be. TBIs are generally grouped into one of three categories based on severity, and they may be considered mild, moderate or severe.

The side effects and complications associated with TBIs vary broadly based on factors such as how the injury was sustained and how severe it is, but some associated complications are more common than others. Common complications associated with TBIs often include:

Seizures

The likelihood that you or a loved one will experience seizures after suffering a brain injury depends largely on whether the head injury you suffered was penetrating in nature. If it was, you face a far higher chance of having seizures than if your injury was non-penetrating. In most cases, TBI sufferers who experience seizures shake from head to toe, and in many cases, they also lose consciousness.

Infections and fevers

Infections and fevers are also common complications associated with TBI. Fevers often come about as the result of an infection, but they may also develop because of blood clots or other, related health problems. Most people with TBIs who develop infections do so in their bladder or lungs.

Bone fractures

According to some estimates, bone fractures accompany TBIs in about 30 percent of all cases. This is likely due in part to the fact that TBIs are often the result of a serious accident that may cause other injuries in addition to the blow to the head. Fractures can be difficult to spot when someone has a severe TBI, and they are not always found until weeks, or even months, after the initial TBI.

Blood clots or high blood pressure

Many patients who experience TBIs also develop blood clots in their legs. The main concern here is that blood clots in the legs have the potential to travel throughout the body until they reach the lungs, where they can prove far more serious and even fatal. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is also a complication sometimes associated with TBI, but it tends to only affect a small percentage of TBI patients.

These are just some of the medical complications TBI sufferers frequently face, and the recovery period associated with such an injury can prove long and hard. If you or a loved one suffered a brain injury in an accident, you may want to get in touch with a lawyer.